Introduction to Formadehyde in Textiles
(Synthetic) resins based on formaldehyde have been used on various textiles to suppress wrinkling and shrinking for ages. International studies have revealed that exposure of the skin to textiles, with a high level of formaldehyde, effects the human health: formaldehyde causes skin allergies and is even suspected to have carcinogenic properties.
Requirements in different countries
§ 35 LMBG B 82.02-1 1985-06 – Bestimmung der Formaldehydabgabe aus textilen Bedarfsgegenständen
Analysis of commodity goods; determination of the release of Formaldehyde from textile commodity goods
- Textiles for users of ages over 3 years à Formadehyde content should not be greater than 75 ppm
- Textiles having direct contact with skin à Formadehyde content should not be greater than 100 ppm
- Textiles for children of ages under 2 years à Formadehyde content should not be greater than 30 ppm
Investigations by the
Based on the above mentioned results, the
· They contain more than 120 ppm formaldehyde prior to one full wash according to the washing instructions and they have not been labelled with "wash before use" at the product or the packaging.
· They contain more than 120 ppm formaldehyde even after one full wash according to the washing instructions.
EN ISO 14184-1:1998 Textiles -- Determination of formaldehyde -- Part 1: Free and hydrolized formaldehyde (water extraction method)
EN ISO 14184-2:1998 Textiles -- Determination of formaldehyde -- Part 2: Released formaldehyde (vapour absorption method)
Die Bestimmung erfolgt nach DIN EN ISO 14184-1:1999-02 (Ersatz für DIN 54260:1988-029), § 64 LFGB (ehem. § 35 LMBG) B 82.02-1 (freies und freisetzbares Formaldehyd)
AATCC 112 Formaldehyde Release from Fabric: Sealed Jar Method
JIS L 1041 / JIS L 1096 Formaldehyde in textiles
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