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In-depth Explanation on EN 71-1:2005 + A6:2008 Safety of Toys, Mechanical and Physical Properties








22.  GENERAL REQUIREMENTS for toys intended for children under 3 years


-     There shall not be no small part, sharp point nor sharp edge before and after abuse tests, where the tests include torque test, tension test, drop test, impact test and compression test, where applicable  


-          Glued wooden toys and toys with glued on plastic decals are subjected to a soaking test first, and then the tests mentioned above are conducted


-          When the toys are intended for children who are too young to sit up unaided (0 – 10 months), their casings shall not crack after torque test, tension test, drop test, impact test and compression tests, where applicable






-          Soft filling materials (e.g. polyester fiber) shall not contain hard or sharp contaminants (e.g. needle)


-          If soft-filled toys contain small parts*, their coverings shall be able to withstand the seam strength tests so that it is not possible to insert the accessibility probe through any openings in the seam


*Plastic foam which is not a small part shall also be considered as hazardous, due to the fact that it can be bitten or torn thereby producing small parts 




24.  CORDS ON TOY (e.g. ribbons on soft toys, pull along toys…etc)           


-     The thickness of cords shall be > 1.5 mm (the requirement does not apply to ribbons)


-     Cords on toy which include attachments which can form nooses shall either be: 


      i) < 220mm (when measured under a force of 25 N, 5.6 lb)


      ii) able to be separated into parts not exceeding 220 mm (when measured under of a force of 25 N, 5.6 lb) when subjected to a force of 25 N, 5.6 lb


-     Perimeter of nooses on cords shall be < 380 mm (when measured under a force of 25 N, 5.6 lb)


-     Self-refracting cords shall have a recoil force less than 10 N (2.2 lb)

Remark: Monofilament doll hair is not considered as cordbarbie.jpg






25. LIQUID FILLED TOYS (e.g. liquid filled teether)


-     The toys shall be subjected to needle tests (force: 5 N, 1.1 lb, tip radius of needle: 0.5 mm), and there shall not be leakage after tests




26. GLASS AND PORCELAIN (age group of under 3 years)

 toy cell phone.jpg

-     Only inaccessible glass or porcelain are permitted for use in toys intended for children under 3 years



27. SHAPE AND SIZE OF CERTAIN TOYS                     rattle.jpg  duck.jpg


-          Toys intended for children 0 – 10 months are subjected to the template tests (Template A/B)


-          These requirements do not apply to:


i)                     soft-filled toys, soft-filled parts of toys or parts of fabric

ii)                   rigid elements having a major dimension equal to 30 mm or less


-          The plane of template A/B shall be horizontal


-          The toy shall be placed through the slot, without compression, and in any orientations


-          If the toy can pass through the base(s) of template A/B, the toy fails to comply with the requirements


-          Examples of toys intended for children 0 - 10 months are:


    i)   rattle shaped toys and squeeze toys with or without noise making features;

    ii)  teether

    iii) removable components of toys intended to be strung across a crib, playpen or perambulator

    iv) removable components of baby gyms

    v)  legs of baby gyms (all such legs shall be tested regardless of the mass of toy)


            Template A.jpg                    Template B.jpg

           Template A                                                       Template B

                                                                                                      (only for toys with nearly                                                                                                        spherical,hemispherical                                                                                                   or circular flared ends)

Dimensions in millimeters



28. SMALL BALLS                                                                     small ball.jpg


-          Definition of a small ball: any balls that pass through and fit wholly into the small ball template (with diameter of 44.5 mm)


-          For toys intended for children under 3 years, there shall be no small ball before and after abuse tests (torque, tension, drop, impact, and compression, where applicable)


-          For toys intended for children over 3 years, if small ball exists before or after abuse tests, small ball warning is needed, for example:


“Warning! Not suitable for children under 3 years because of small ball(s)”


     Template E.jpg

Dimensions in millimeters

   Small Ball Template E



29. Play Figures

                    pre school play figure.jpg  preschool play figure.jpg

                                                                       Examples of play figures

This requirement does not apply to soft filled toys.


Play figures having:


a)   a round, spherical or hemispherical end with tapered neck attached to a cylindrical shape without appendages; and

b)   an overall length not exceeding 64 mm


 shall be designed so that the rounded ends should not protrude past the base of Template B


 Template B.jpg

Dimensions in millimeters

                                                             Template B





The toys within the scope of the requirements should as a minimum comply with at least one of the following 4 requirements (a,b,c,d):

An opening is defined as a hole of any shape with a dimension of 2 mm or more.

a. Have at least 2 openings that are 13 mm or more from the rim as measured along the outside contour

a1. If the openings are placed in the base of the object, 2 or more of the openings should be 13mm or more apart 

a2. If the openings are not placed in the base of the object, 2 or more of the openings should be placed at least 30o but not more than 150o apart 

b. The plane of the open end of the cup shape should be interrupted at the centre by some type of divider that extends to 6 mm or less from the plane of the opening

c. Have 3 openings located between 6 mm and 13 mm from the rim and 100o or more apart as measured along the outside contour

d. Have a repeating scalloped edge pattern around the entire rim. The distance between centerlines of adjacent peaks should be 25 mm or less and the depth should be 6 mm or more



Openings in the base of bowl



Opening placement



Rib through cup centre



Scalloped edge pattern


All dimensions in millimeters




 suction cup toy 3.jpg

-          Loose suction cups, removable suction cups and suction cups attached to a toy by a string, elastic cord or similar tether should not entirely pass through Template E  

-          Suction cups that become detached from toys after torque, tension, drop, impact and compression tests, if applicable, should not entirely pass through Template E and should continue to conform to relevant requirements in EN 71-1


 Template E.jpg

Dimensions in millimeters                          Template E





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