EN 62115: 2005 Safety of electrical toys
The following areas (but
not limited to) are covered in the EN
Heating and Abnormal Operation
Protection of Cords and Wires
Switches / Components
Clearance and Creepage Distances
Resistance to Heat and Fire
Marking and Instructions
The sample or its packaging should be marked
- name, trade
mark or identification mark of the manufacturer or responsible vendor
- model or type
The battery compartments of the battery box
and the transmitter should be marked with the shape of the batteries in
proportional size, together with their nominal voltage and polarity. In
addition, the sample should be marked with the symbol for d.c.
The instructions should state that the toy
is not to be connected to more than the recommended number of power supplies.
The instruction manual / packaging of electrical
toys should bear the following instructions:
- how to remove and insert replaceable
- non-rechargeable batteries are not to be
- rechargeable batteries are only to be
charged under adult supervision;
- rechargeable batteries are to be removed
from the toy before being charged;
- different types of batteries or new and
used batteries are not to be mixed;
- batteries are to be inserted with the
- exhausted batteries are to be removed
from the toy;
- the supply terminals are not to be
If the instructions are not
on the electrical toys themselves,
it should also be stated that the packaging must be retained since it contains
The marking on the sample should be legible
and durable when tested as per EN 62115.
EN 60825-1:2007 Safety of laser products. Equipment classification and requirements
All light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
in electrical toys should meet the requirements for Class 1* lasers in accordance
with EN 60825-1:2007
Overview of the LED and Laser Classification System in EN 60825-1 / IEC 60825-1
In 2001 the standard governing the safety of laser products in Europe
(EN) and Internationally (IEC), was substantially revised and the
Classification system was overhauled. This resulted in the introduction of
three new laser classes (1M, 2M and 3R) and the abolition of Class 3A. Below is
a brief description of each of the current laser classes.
The 60825-1 standards apply equally to lasers and LEDs. In most places we have
used the word "laser", but it can be replaced by "LED".
Generally speaking LEDs would be in the lower Classes (1, 1M, 2, 2M, 3R), but
very exceptionally may be Class 3B. At the time of writing we are not aware of
any Class 4 LEDs*.
The phrase "eye-safe" is used below. Please note that
"eye-safe" is applicable to the whole optical spectrum from 180nm to
1mm wavelength, not just in the retinal hazard range of 400nm to 1400nm.
Outside the retinal hazard range there is potentially a hazard to the cornea. A
wavelength outside the retinal hazard range is therefore not automatically
This class is eye-safe under all operating conditions.
This class is safe for viewing directly with the naked eye, but may be
hazardous to view with the aid of optical instruments. In general, the use of
magnifying glasses increases the hazard from a widely-diverging beam (eg LEDs
and bare laser diodes), and binoculars or telescopes increase the hazard from a
wide, collimated beam (such as those used in open-beam telecommunications
Radiation in classes 1 and 1M can be visible, invisible or both.
These are visible lasers. This class is safe for accidental viewing under all
operating conditions. However, it may not be safe for a person who deliberately
stares into the laser beam for longer than 0.25 s, by overcoming their natural
aversion response to the very bright light.
These are visible lasers. This class is safe for accidental viewing with the
naked eye, as long as the natural aversion response is not overcome as with
Class 2, but may be hazardous (even for accidental viewing) when viewed with
the aid of optical instruments, as with class 1M.
Radiation in classes 2 and 2M is visible, but can also contain an invisible
element, subject to certain conditions.
Classes 1M and 2M broadly replace the old class 3A under IEC and EN
classification. Prior to the 2001 amendment there were also lasers which were
Class 3B but were eye-safe when viewed without optical instruments. These
lasers are Class 1M or 2M under the current Classification system.
Radiation in this class is considered low risk, but potentially hazardous. The
class limit for 3R is 5x the applicable class limit for Class 1 (for invisible
radiation) or class 2 (for visible radiation). Hence CW visible lasers emitting
between 1 and 5 mW are normally Class 3R.
Visible class 3R is similar to class IIIA in the US regulations.
Radiation in this class is very likely to be dangerous. For a continuous wave
laser the maximum output into the eye must not exceed 500mW. The radiation can
be a hazard to the eye or skin. However, viewing of the diffuse reflection is
This is the highest class of laser radiation. Radiation in this class is very
dangerous, and viewing of the diffuse reflection may be dangerous. Class 4
laser beams are capable of setting fire to materials onto which they are
Any laser product of a given Class may contain 'embedded' lasers which are
greater than the Class assigned to the product, but in these cases engineering
controls (protective housings and interlocks) ensure that human access to
radiation in excess of product Class is not possible. Notable examples of this
are CD and DVD players which are Class 1 laser products while containing Class
3R or Class 3B lasers and laser printers which are Class 1 laser products but
contain Class 4 embedded lasers.
Note:- for a product to be classified correctly, it must be tested at the
maximum output accessible under reasonably foreseeable single-fault conditions
(eg in the drive circuitry). A non-M class product must pass both Condition 1
and Condition 2 of Table 10 in IEC/EN 60825-1, and an M-class product (which by
definition has failed either Condition 1 or 2) must pass the irradiance
condition in the same table.
* Generally speaking lasers are point sources while LEDs are extended sources.
Extended sources have higher power limits than point sources for a given laser
Class. Therefore a visible LED emitting 10 mW may be Class 2, while a visible
laser pointer of the same power would be Class 3B. NB Laser pointers above
Class 2 are banned for sale to the public by trading standards.
Wave - i.e. not pulsed
reflection of radiation from a matt surface such as a wall
an apparent source size with angular subtense of greater than 1.5 mradian
telescopes, microscopes, magnifying glasses (but not prescription glasses)
an apparent source size with angular subtense of less than 1.5 mradian
Electrical Charger & Adaptor intended for Toys
EN 61558-2-7: Safery of power transformers,
power supply units and similar - Part 2-7: Particular requirements for
transformer for toys
General Requirements of EN 61558-2-7
- No-load output voltage not exceeding 33V a.c. r.m.s. and 46V ripple
- Different between no-load and on-load output voltage with < 100%
- Plastic enclosure temperature limit for heating and abnormal test is
- Rated supply voltage not exceeding 250V a.c. 50/60Hz
- Rated output not exceeding 200VA
- Rated output voltage not exceeding 24V a.c. r.m.s. and 33V ripple free
- If mass > 500g, the cross-sectional area of the supply cable or
cord shall be at least 1mm2
- Output current must not exceed 10A
- Output voltage deviation at 10% for a.c. and 15% for d.c.
- Protective Index shall have minimum IP4X and be shown on rating label
- Toy symbol ( ) shall be shown on rating label
EN60335-2-29: Safety of Household and
similar electrical appliances - Part 2: Particular requirement for battery
Requirements of EN 60335-2-29
- Smiling face symbol: and IP index on marking
- Addition temperature limit for accessible surface, 35K for plastic
enclosure, Abnormal operation: 55K for plastic enclosure
- Impact test with 2J, 500mm height free fall
- Output 30Vdc and 50VA
- Output voltage shall not exceed 42.4V peak
- For indoor use battery charger, wording “For indoor use only” or
Symbol on marking
- Height of symbols marked on the appliance shall be at least 10mm
- Height of lettering shall be at least 3mm
- At least IP 3X (for outdoor use at least IP X7)
Class II (Class III for outdoor use)
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